Auguste Herbin (April 29, 1882 – January 31, 1960) was a French painter of modern art, renowned for his Cubist and abstract paintings featuring colorful geometric shapes. He co-founded the groups Abstraction-Création and Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, promoting non-figurative abstract art. Herbin began with influences of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, shifted to Fauvism, and later experimented with Cubism. After World War I, he gained recognition for his abstract works. In the 1930s, he co-founded the Abstraction-Création group, opposing rising fascism. Starting in 1942, he developed his "plastic alphabet," creating colorful compositions of triangles, circles, and rectangles. After a right-side paralysis in 1953, he painted with his left hand. Herbin passed away on January 31, 1960, in Paris.

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